According to the National Institute of health website (nih.gov), about 4.9 million or 18.7 percent of African Americans who are 20 and older have diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes. Out of that number, 12.6 percent have diagnosed diabetes. The cause of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are still highly unknown. However, it is known that Type 1 is more based on genetics. Type 2 is also based on genetics, but more so affects individuals entering late adulthood. This type is mostly based on lifestyle, and is more associated with the food choices.
There have been many sources discussing how to prevent or control Type 2 diabetes. Looking at various sources such as the American Diabetes Association website, the top three foods to help with diabetes are: beans, whole grains and dark leafy-green vegetables. Beans are good in that they provide fiber, magnesium and potassium. They also provide, as the ADA site says, as much protein as an ounce of meat. Whole grains are important because they provide the body with magnesium, chromium, omega 3 fatty acids and folate. Oatmeal, a great whole grain meal, is also a great source for fiber and potassium. Lastly, leafy-green dark vegetables are important to a person diagnosed with diabetes because they’re low in calories and carbs. The ADA website says that spinach, collards and kale are great examples of these types of vegetables.